This island country has a pleasant tropical climate that is generally warm and humid. The sun
shines here throughout the year, with the temperature ranging from 25 to 31 degrees Celsius.
April is the warmest month, February the driest and December the coolest. May to September is
the wet and rainy southwest monsoon season, with some rough seas and stormy winds. The
northeast monsoon brings occasional showers from November to February. Maldives being in the
equatorial belt, severe storms and cyclones are extremely rare.
Maldives is the flattest country in the world with land no higher than 2.4 meters above the sea
level. Water constitutes 99% of its area totalling 90,000 sq km. This archipelago of 26 major atolls
stretches 820 km (north-south) and 120 km (east-west). An atoll is a group of coral islands made
of reefs and girdled by lagoons. Out of 1,190 islands, 202 are inhabited while 90 are exclusive
Malé is the capital of Maldives. A city of high-rise buildings and paved roads, Malé is one of the
smallest capitals in the world in terms of physical size. Its main streets are lined with a variety of
shops and offices. With many multi-storied structures and housing complexes at the core, Malé
nonetheless presents a largely green and refreshing ambience.
Comprising a group of coral islands sprinkled across the equator in the Indian Ocean, Maldives is
situated to the southwest of India and Sri Lanka, at a distance of about 500 to 600 km. Maldives
is the smallest independent country in Asia, and one among the smallest in the world. Some of its
islands are smaller than a football field and some as large as three kilometres across. Latitude:
07 06' 30" N to 00 41'48" S. Longitude: 72 32' 30" E to 73 45' 54" E.